International Conference on Nepal's Reconstruction
Towards a Resilient Nepal
The devastating earthquake that struck Nepal on 25 April 2015 and its repeated aftershocks have had a big toll on life, property, infrastructure, cultural heritage and the ambient natural environment of the country. Nearly 9000 people have been killed, 22,000 injured, over half a million houses fully or partially damaged and three million people rendered homeless. Over thousand public buildings including the Seat of the Government have not been spared by the impacts of the devastation. Some of the monuments of immense historical, cultural and archeological significance, that also include the World Heritages, have been badly damaged. As monsoon approaches the people rendered homeless will further confront severe difficulties. This entails urgent humanitarian response.
The Government has declared 14 out of the 75 districts as crisis-hit and another 17 badly affected. Nepal has not faced a calamity of this scale for over 80 years. When the last great earthquake hit Nepal in 1934, there was hardly any modern building or road, school or motorized vehicle. The scale of devastation caused by the earthquake is inconceivable, as it has not only cost huge loss of human lives and destruction of material properties, it has also undermined the hard-earned development achievements. People who had just crossed the poverty line may fall back into the absolute poverty. Our development achievements including the MDGS could suffer a setback and our plan to graduate from the LDC status may face the similar challenge.
It is against these milestones that we reckon the devastation caused by the earthquake will upset our high aspirations for swifter economic progress. The macro-economic consequences are widespread. And some of Nepal’s impressive gains in the social arena are likely to stall. Furthermore, a disaster of this magnitude not only draws attention to seismic fault lines, but also social fissures, which in Nepal takes different form of entrenched vulnerabilities for men and women through inequities in income, assets and station.
The challenges that Nepal faces are daunting. However, Nepalis, resilient as they are, could emerge out of this crisis as a nation that is more unified than ever. There is no choice for us but to rebuild. With support from friends, well-wishers and development partners, the country can rebuild better and stronger, utilizing the hard-won democratic space for citizens’ participation and their ingenuity.
International Conference on Nepal’s Reconstruction
The Government of Nepal is hosting the one-day International Conference on Nepal’s Reconstruction that aims at bringing together Heads of State and Government, Ministers and Senior Officials from Nepal’s neighbouring countries, development partners and other friendly countries, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Heads of UN Agencies, Presidents of European Commission, World Bank and Asian Development Bank and Heads of other Multilateral and Regional Institutions in a spirit of solidarity and partnership to address Nepal’s massive reconstruction challenges. The Conference will be preceded by a visit to the earthquake-affected areas on 24 June.
The Government of Nepal attaches great importance to this Conference which is expected to deliberate on Nepal’s Reconstruction Plan as articulated in PDNA and secure adequate funding commitments for its implementation.
Objectives of the Conference
- Appraise friendly countries and development partners of the socio-economic situation in Nepal in the aftermath of the massive earthquake and share international best practices and experiences on institutional arrangements that lead to effective, transparent and accountable execution of reconstruction programs.
- Disseminate the findings of the Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA).
- Update the Government's policies and institutional mechanism for post earthquake reconstruction and new construction
- Seek technical and financial support for reconstruction and rally the support and solidarity of all friends and partners for a resilient recovery of Nepal and its people.